Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Acquisitions

v3.10.0.1
Acquisitions
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Business Combinations [Abstract]  
Acquisitions
Note 3. Acquisitions:

The acquisitions of Prive, BMSS, and Logical Brokerage were accounted for as an asset acquisition pursuant to ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805), Clarifying the Definition of a Business, as the majority of the fair value of the assets acquired was concentrated in a group of similar assets, and the acquired assets did not have outputs or employees.

Asset Purchase Agreement with Prive Technologies LLC:

On February 21, 2018, the Company and Kairos, completed an asset purchase under an agreement (the "Prive Purchase Agreement") with Prive on behalf of certain persons and entities who owned certain cryptocurrency mining machines and related equipment (the "Prive Equipment"). Pursuant to the Prive Purchase Agreement, the aggregate consideration for the Prive Equipment consisted of (i) Eleven Million Dollars ($11,000,000) and (ii) One Million (1,000,000) shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Prive Shares”). Upon closing of the transaction, and pursuant to the terms of the Prive Purchase Agreement, Kairos became the owner of the Prive Equipment and other assets used for the mining of cryptocurrency, including, but not limited to, 3,800 Bitmain AntMiner S9s. On February 21, 2018, the miners were recorded for a purchase price of $22,400,000, consisting of cash of $11,000,000 and 800,000 of the Company’s shares of common stock valued at $10.60 per share (excludes 200,000 shares of Common Stock currently held in escrow).
 
 
The purchase price for the miners was recorded as follow:
 
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
Cash consideration
 
$
11,000,000
 
Fair value of common stock
   
8,480,000
 
Deferred tax liability
   
2,918,000
 
Other expenses
   
2,000
 
 
 
$
22,400,000
 
 
Two principal shareholders held 24.8% and 18.4%, respectively, of Prive, at the time of its acquisition by the Company. These holders held 10.7% and 5.7%, respectively of Kairos at the time of Kairos acquisition by the Company in October 2017.   

Two Hundred Thousand (200,000) of the Shares (the "Escrow Shares") were deposited into an escrow account with Corporate Stock Transfer, Inc., as escrow agent (the "Escrow Agent"), pursuant to an escrow agreement (the "Escrow Agreement"). Certificates representing the Escrow Shares were deposited and recorded with the Escrow Agent to be held in escrow and not be transferred, pledged or hypothecated except as provided in the Escrow Agreement. No value was assigned to the Escrow Shares at the time of the acquisition as they are contingent consideration. The Escrow Shares will be released to the Sellers upon the Company generating Net Cash Flow (as defined in the Prive Purchase Agreement) of at least Ten Million Dollars ($10,000,000) from the Equipment. If the Escrow Shares are not released to the Sellers on or before the two-year anniversary (February 2020) of the Prive Purchase Agreement, the Escrow Shares shall be returned to the Company for cancellation.

Under the guidance of ASC 360, Impairment or Disposal of Long-lived Assets, a long-lived asset or asset group (including intangibles) will be tested for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable. Based upon the significant decline in the price of bitcoins during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and the decline in projected cash flows over the life of the miners, the Company performed an undiscounted cash flow test to determine if the miners were impaired. The undiscounted cash flows were less than the carrying amount of the miners and when the carrying amount was compared to the discounted fair value of the miners, the Company determined that there were impairment charges to be recorded on the miners purchased from Prive. Impairment charges for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 totaled $0 and $18,265,000, respectively.

Asset Purchase Agreement with Blockchain Mining Supply & Services Ltd.:

On February 21, 2018, the Company completed an asset purchase under an agreement (the “BMSS Purchase Agreement”) with “BMSS which owned 3,000 AntMiner S9 bitcoin mining machines (the “BMSS Equipment”). Pursuant to the BMSS Purchase Agreement, the Company purchased the BMSS Equipment for aggregate consideration of Eight Million Five Hundred Thousand Dollars ($8,500,000). On February 21, 2018, the miners were recorded for purchase price of $8,500,000 paid or payable in cash. Seven Million Dollars ($7,000,000) of the purchase price was paid at closing and $1,500,000 was payable within six-months, as further defined in the BMSS Purchase Agreement.

On August 21, 2018, the Company and BMSS entered into a waiver letter, amending the BMSS Purchase Agreement (the “Waiver”) whereby the Company and BMSS agreed to waive any and all past due amounts payable by the Company to BMSS pursuant to Section 2(b)(ii) of the BMSS Purchase Agreement. Pursuant to the Waiver, the Company agreed to pay to BMSS $150,000 on or before August 21, 2018, $200,000 on or before September 30, 2018 and on each 30-day anniversary thereafter for a total of six payments of $200,000 until a total of $1,350,000 has been paid. The Company will make a final payment equal to $150,000 plus accrued and unpaid interest calculated at a rate equal to 10% per year 30 days following the last payment of $200,000. In addition to the foregoing, the Company agreed to issue to BMSS 50,000 shares of restricted common stock in connection with the Waiver within seven days of the execution of the Waiver. In connection with the foregoing, the Company relied upon the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, for transactions not involving a public offering.  For the three months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recorded a loss of $266,000 related to the computed value of the modification of the BMSS deferred purchase price which was recorded as a loss on extinguishment of debt in connection with the Waiver.  

Under the guidance of ASC 360, Impairment or Disposal of Long-lived Assets, a long-lived asset or asset group (including intangibles) will be tested for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable. Based upon the significant decline in the price of bitcoins during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and the decline in projected cash flows over the life of the miners, the Company performed an undiscounted cash flow test to determine if the miners were impaired. The undiscounted cash flows were less than the carrying amount of the miners and when the carrying amount was compared to the discounted fair value of the miners, the Company determined that there were impairment charges to be recorded on the miners purchased from BMSS. Impairment charges for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 totaled $0 and $5,796,000, respectively.
 
Acquisition of Logical Brokerage Corp.:

On March 26, 2018, the Company entered into and closed a stock purchase agreement (the “Logical Brokerage Purchase Agreement”) between the Company and Mark Bradley Fisher (the “Logical Brokerage Seller”). Pursuant to the Logical Brokerage Purchase Agreement, the Company purchased from the Logical Brokerage Seller 9.25 shares of Logical Brokerage, representing 92.5% of the outstanding capital stock of Logical Brokerage, for a cash purchase price of $600,000. Logical Brokerage, a futures introducing broker headquartered in Miami, Florida is registered with the CFTC and is a member of the NFA.
  
The Company considered the provisions of FASB ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805), and has determined that the Logical Brokerage Purchase Agreement should be accounted for as an acquisition of assets based on the estimated fair value at the acquisition date. The CFTC license will be recorded at the relative fair value as an indefinite lived intangible asset. The initial value was recorded at the purchase price of $600,000, net of cash received with the asset acquisition of $100,000, plus any transaction costs. The intangible asset will be revalued for any future impairment.

As a result of an asset acquisition, temporary differences may arise due to differences between the tax bases of assets acquired and liabilities assumed (determined by tax law) and the values of those assets and liabilities recognized for financial statement purposes (determined based on the provisions of ASC 805). ASC 740 requires an entity to recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for those temporary differences and acquired operating loss or other tax credit carryforwards that arise as a result of the purchase of an asset. However, deferred taxes are not recognized for differences related to nondeductible goodwill, leveraged leases, and certain other differences for which there are specific exceptions. The deferred tax liability represents the difference between the book basis and the tax basis of Riot Blockchain’s intangible assets, calculated using a 25.6% effective tax rate.

On September 30, 2018, the CFTC license was recorded as follows (unaudited):
 
 
 
September 30, 2018
 
Cash, net of cash acquired
 
$
500,000
 
Deferred tax liability
   
142,709
 
Non-controlling interest
   
40,541
 
Legal expense
   
16,918
 
 
 
$
700,168
 

In connection with the closing of the Logical Brokerage Purchase Agreement, on March 26, 2018, the Company entered into a stockholders’ agreement (the “Stockholders Agreement”) with Logical Brokerage and Mark Bradley Fisher. The Stockholders Agreement provides, among other things, that, subject to certain exceptions, the Logical Brokerage Seller may not transfer any of his remaining shares of Logical Brokerage without the written consent of the Company. The Stockholders Agreement also provides that, subject to certain exceptions, in the event the Company proposes to transfer 35% or more of Logical Brokerage’s total issued and outstanding capital stock, the Logical Brokerage Seller will be entitled to certain “tag-along” rights.

1172767 Investment (formerly Tess Inc.)

During October 2017, the Company acquired approximately 52% of 1172767, which is developing blockchain solutions for telecommunications companies. During late 2017 and in early 2018, 1172767 and Cresval Capital Corp. ("Cresval") (TSX-V: CRV) following the execution of a non-binding letter of intent, executed a definitive agreement providing that 1172767 agreed to merge with Cresval, assuming specified closing conditions were met. Upon closing of the anticipated merger and related required approvals, 1172767 would become publicly traded on the TSX Venture Exchange (the "TSXV"). The merger transaction was completed in the third quarter of 2018. The shares of 1172767 are expected to commence on the TSXV once regulatory approvals are obtained.  Based upon the terms of the merger and related agreements, the acquisition will result in the Company owning less than 50% of 1172767, at which time it would no longer be consolidated within the Company’s financial statements.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, 1172767 received approximately $506,000 from the sale of shares of Riot Blockchain common stock held by 1172767, which has been recorded as a credit to the consolidated Common Stock of the Company. Additionally, 1172767 issued approximately 189,000 of its common shares in exchange for cash proceeds of approximately $220,000 thereby reducing the investment percentage held by the Company from 52.01% to 50.2% as of September 30, 2018.